Plantar Fasciitis Explained


As an avid runner John used to spend about 60 minutes a day 5 days a week running. If the weather was good he used to wear his running gear and head out to Central-Park. Whenever the weather was bad outside he used to go to the fitness center and run on the treadmill. One morning John got up feeling pain on his feet as he stepped out of bed to the bath room. The pain wasn't too strong but it was there. Before long the same pain was harder particularly whenever he got up and started to walk.

Plantar fasciitis occurs often in runners and other athletes. Plantar fasciitis is the most frequent cause of plantar (bottom of the foot) heel pain. For many years pain in this region has been incorrectly termed the "heel spur syndrome". It is better termed the "plantar heel pain syndrome" since a heel spur is not always found at this location. While a "heel spur" sounds ominous often the spur is present and does not cause any pain. The formation of a spur is a sign that too much tension has developed within the plantar fascia, partially tearing from its origin at the calcaneus (heel bone).

Normally the Plantar Fascia is very tough and flexible to withstand forces transmitted during walking or running. The normal function can be however affected by excessive abuse of the feet, over-pronation, old age or being over-weight. As a result of the painful stretching the Plantar Fascia exhibits micro-tearing that leads to irritation, inflammation and pain at the junction of the Plantar Fascia and calcaneus or heel bone. The continued pulling of the Fascia joined to the heel bone can result in a bony growth on the heel commonly known as a Heel Spur. This growth triggers pain in the surrounding tissues that get inflamed.

Most people experience pain on the heel when they wake up in the morning and begin to walk. There is less pain and stiffness after a while; however, the pain may increase during the day. The pain can occur when you stand or sit for a long time too. The illness is caused when there is strain on the ligament that provides support to the arch. Tiny ligament tears are caused when there are repeated strains resulting in swelling and pain. Continued stretching of the plantar fascia can result in heel spur which is a bone-like development on the heel. Flat feet or high arches can be a cause.

Pain from plantar fasciitis can cause sharp pain on the bottom of the foot and can affect quality of life in many people. The American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine states that heel pain is the most common complaint to podiatric practitioners throughout the country. According to the National Library of Medicine, treatments for heel pain include rest, medicines, exercises and taping. They also mention that surgery is rarely needed in cases of heel pain caused by conditions like plantar fasciitis. Some exercises can be performed at home without a lot of equipment and can help with the symptoms associated with plantar fasciitis. Anatomyplantar fasciitis surgery

X-rays of the heel can oftentimes show calcifications within the Achilles tendon at its insertion site or calcifications on the bottom of the calcaneus near the insertion of the plantar fascia. The first exercise involves facing a wall and having your feet flat on the floor with your toes approximately 12 to 15 inches from the wall. At this point, keeping your heel flat against the floor, one must lean into the wall and touch their chest against the wall and hold the stretch for approximately one minute. The ideal angle for the bottom of the foot should be 45 degrees.

It is the diagnosis of symptoms It is not the diagnosis of the problem The pain may be in your foot– but the problem is not What you will not often find in definitions or explanations of plantar fasciitis on the web is that there is a deeper issue at play The pain in your foot diagnosed as plantar fasciitis can often be traced back up to your gluteus maximus–your butt. These days, we sit too much and our butts muscles wind up not doing much. So they basically shut down or go to sleep–they become inhibited. This is not a good thing.

Move your left knee slowly and deliberately to the left. As you do so, also attempt to 'point' the knee in a somewhat lateral direction. You should be able to feel this side-to-side and rotational action at the knee creating a rotational action in your left Achilles tendon. Bring the knee back to a straight-ahead position, and then move it toward the right. As you move the left knee to the right, again rotate the knee somewhat, this time to the right, creating more rotation at the Achilles tendon. Make sure that you keep most of your weight on the left leg while performing this exercise.

Barefoot, stand as tall as you can on your toes. Balance for a moment and then begin walking forward with slow, small steps (take one step every one to two seconds, with each step being about 10 to 12 inches in length). As you do this, maintain a tall, balanced posture. Be sure to dorsiflex the ankle and toes of the free (moving-ahead) leg upward as high as you can with each step, while maintaining your balance on the toes and ball of the support foot. Walk a distance of 20 metres for a total of three sets, with a short break in between sets.

Plantar fasciitis is usually treated with medications. The most popular one is painkiller that includes ibuprofen and naproxen. Another one is the corticosteroid which can either be applied topically or injected on the affected area. Therapy is also a popular cure because it is non-invasive and generally risk free. Physical therapy is helpful because it helps in relieving the pain and at the same time helps in strengthening the muscles of the feet. It can cure twisted plantar fascia nerve and can bring back its natural condition. Night splints are also helpful because they help in aggravating the situation. plantar fasciitis surgery

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