With this common foot condition, one or more of the metatarsal heads become painful and/or inflamed, usually due to excessive pressure over a long period of time. It is common to experience acute, recurrent, or chronic pain with metatarsalgia. Ball-of-foot pain is often caused from improper fitting footwear, most frequently by women 's dress shoes and other restrictive footwear. Footwear with a narrow toe box (toe area) forces the ball-of-foot area to be forced into a minimal amount of space. This can inhibit the walking process and lead to extreme discomfort in the forefoot. Overall, among the best shoes for foot pain are available on the market from various popular brands, such as Birkenstock, Birki?s, Tatami, Papillio, Hannel and Mephisto?s Helen. You can also choose Kenkoh massage sandals to relieve the pain. When you are at home, use the sandals to give your foot gentle message. Scientifically, arch pain is referred as the inflammation and burning sensation at the arch of the foot. How does this pain result? At the bottom of the foot near the arch area we have a broad band of fibrous tissue referred to as plantar fascia. Once this tissue become inflamed an arch pain results. If the patient's first point of call is a GP (general practitioner, primary care physician), they may be referred to a podiatrist (specialist foot doctor). It is important to accurately assess and diagnose the condition right from the start so that the patient can receive effective treatment. the patient may be asked to walk on a treadmill or pressure plate so that his/her gait can be assessed. This helps identify which parts of the foot are receiving pressure. Steroid injections to reduce pain and swelling. The patient may initially experience some pain and swelling at the injection site, which should go away within a few days. Bones of the foot are joined together by ligaments. A sprain happens when the ligaments that hold the bones together are overstretched and the fibers tear. Point tenderness and looseness of a joint are indications of a sprain. The area looks deformed, you have loss of function, change of sensation, a large amount of swelling with pain, prolonged change of skin or toenail color, the affected area becomes warmer than the surrounding areas, becomes extremely tender to the touch, or is causing you to move differently. To prevent the rubbing and irritation of the painful parts of the foot, you can use foot pads in the areas of friction. Metatarsalgia is a general term used to denote a painful foot condition in the metatarsal region of the foot (the area just before the toes, more commonly referred to as the ball of the foot). This is a common foot disorder that can affect the bones and joints at the ball of the foot. Metatarsalgia (ball-of-the-foot pain) is often located under the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th metatarsal heads, or more isolated at the first metatarsal head (near the big toe). If one bends the toes upwards and applies pressure over the ?knuckles? of the foot, the pain can often be localized to one metatarsal head. Flat feet can occur when the ligaments that support the arch of the foot are looser, or more lax, than normal. Obesity, previous injury, diabetes and foot stressors such as high heels also contribute to flat feet. Flat feet are common in babies and small children, but can also affect adults. Pain and tenderness in the arch can result, New Zealand orthopedic surgeon Hugh Blackley reports on his website, Orthopaedic Surgery. Flat feet may also develop painful corns and hardened skin areas on the bottom of the foot. Plantar Fasciitis Also known as ? dropped metatarsal heads ,? metatarsalgia can cause abnormal weight distribution across the foot, due to over-pronation. Treatment usually starts with switching to shoes that have wide toe boxes, low heels and good arch support. A foot-care specialist may also recommend an adhesive pad to fit under the front of your foot. Custom-made shoe inserts, or orthotics, can correct any structural foot problems that might contribute to nerve compression. Generally, these symptoms grow worse over time, but some people have stated that their severe symptoms began suddenly. Symptoms have been known to occur in this manner after people increase their physical activity. Check your feet daily for problems. Cover blisters or minor cuts and scrapes; see your doctor if they haven?t healed in two or three days. Shooting pain in the ball of the foot is most likely caused by a neuroma which is a form of nerve inflammation that causes burning, shooting, or throbbing pain. It is commonly caused by an injury or shoes that are too tight. The location of the pain?often referred to as Morton?s Neuroma?is usually between the third and fourth toe; the pain can be located between the second and third toe as well. Stand straight with hand on wall or on chair. Grab ankle and carefully bring up to butts. Hold for 20 ? 25 seconds. Repeat exercise with various other leg.